War Diary September 25th to Sunday October 1st 1939

Monday September 25th

  • Polish resistance continued in Warsaw and Modlin with appalling loss of life and destruction to buildings.
  • French artillery began the first bombardment of the Rhine fortifications. There were air battles in the Saar region.
  • The Zeppelin base at Friedrichstafen, near the Swiss frontier, was stated to have been bombed by French aircraft.
  • Further reconnaissance flights have taken place over Western Germany on September 24th and during the night. As before, copies of a leaflet were dropped. Attacks by enemy fighters were beaten off.
  • Sabotage was stated to be the cause of explosions which occurred in many German factories.
  • President Moscicki and March Smigly-Rysz, interned in Romania
  • Swedish steamer ‘Silesia’ has been torpedoed off Stavanger.
  • All German women between the ages of 17 and 25 are to be conscripted for ‘obligatory national labour service’.
  • Turkish Foreign Minister, Mr Saradjoglu, arrived in Moscow.

Tuesday September 26th

  • German attacks on Warsaw have been renewed.
  • On the Western Front there was a continuation of intense artillery fire, and local infantry engagements took place.
  • Hitler returned to Berlin from the Eastern Front and held a conference with is ministers.
  • Mr Chamberlain gave to the House of Commons his fourth review of the progress of the war.
  • Mr Churchill reviewed the progress and success of the campaign against U-boats.
  • Twenty German aircraft attempted to bomb a squadron of the Home Fleet in the North Sea, but were driven off with two planes destroyed and one badly damaged. No battleships was hit and there were no British casualties.
  • Thirty-two survivors of the British ship ‘Royal Sceptre’, torpedoed on September 6th, who had been given up for lost, arrived in Bahia, Brazil on board the British freighter ‘Browning’.

Wednesday September 27th

  • Warsaw announced that surrender had been agreed upon and that conditions were being negotiated. It was reported that the Poles were still holding out at Modlin and in the Hel Peninsula overlooking Danzig.
  • Ribbentropp arrived in Moscow at the head of a delegation to discuss matters connected with Poland.
  • From the Western Front it was reported that Germany was massing troops in the Rhineland.  Minor attacks by the enemy were repulsed.
  • French and British aircraft, working in co-operation, brought down several enemy fighters. RAF aircraft carried out further reconnaissance flights into Germany and on the Western Front.
  • A War Budget was introduced by Sir John Simon in the House of Commons. The principle feature was an increase of income tax from 5s.6d to 7s 6d.
  • The Soviet Steamer, ‘Metallist’ was sunk by an unknown submarine off the coast of Estonia.
  • Slovak authorities ordered a partial demobilisation.
  • The French Admiralty announced that war contraband seized up to September 23rd totalled over 100,000 tons including 24,000 tons of liquid fuel.
  • The Communist Party premises in Paris were searched and sealed up by the French Police.

Thursday September 28th

  • Negotiations for surrender of Warsaw and the fortress of Modlin in progress.
  • French troops advanced to near the Saar river. There was a heavy artillery engagement bear the Luxembourg frontier.
  • Conversations between Ribbentrop, Molotov adn Stalin continued in Moscow.
  • Swedish Cargo boat ‘Nyland’ was sunk by a U-boat of Stravanger.
  • Germany claimed that the U-boat that sank ‘Courageous’ had returned to Wimhelmshaven.
  • Two Norwegian steamers, ‘Jern’ and ‘Haugeshund’ have been sunk by enemy action.

Friday September 29th

  • Molotov and Ribbentrop signed a treaty in Moscow, by which Poland was completely abolished and new and permanent Russo-German frontiers established. The terms included a denial of the right of interference by a third Power, and a declaration that the war should now stop.
  • Estonia became virtually a Soviet protectorate by the signing of a ten year mutual assistance pact and trade agreement. By this pact Russia gets the right to maintain naval basis in the Baltic.
  • There was an unsuccessful German attack on Saarbruchen.
  • Units of the RAF carried out attacks on ships of the German Fleet in Heglioland Bight. In spite of formidable anti-aircraft fire, the attacks were pressed home at a low altitude.
  • A Turkish military mission, headed by General Kiazim Orbay, left Ankara for London.
  • The Norwegian steamer ‘Takstaas’ was sunk by a U-boat.

Saturday September 30th

  • M Moscicki resigned the Presidency of Poland. A statement from the Polish Embassy in Paris announced the constitution of a new Polish Government, with Mr Raczkiewicz as President and General Sikorski as Premier and Minister of War.
  • Warsaw garrison began to leave the city carried out by the RAF over Germany. Five British aircraft reconnoitring on the Western Front, engaged in an air battle with 15 German fighters at a height of 20,000 feet over enemy territory and suffered some causalities.
  • The Air Ministry announced that RAF pilots had flown at a height of only 600 feet above the Siegfried Line and made a valuable photographic survey of gun emplacements and other defences.
  • Danish steamer ‘Vendia’ has been sunk by a U-boat off The Scaw.

Sunday October 1st

  • Garrison of Hel Peninsula surrendered.
  • The French command reported as advance on a mile-long front west of Saarlouis. There were fierce air engagements between the Franco-British and German forces.
  • Count Ciano, the Italian Foreign Ministers was in Berlin for a meeting with Hitler and Ribbentrop.
  • A Royal Proclamation had been made calling up all men over 20 years if ages and under 22.
  • M Sarajoglu, Turkish Foreign Minister, had an interview with Molotov in Moscow.
Sources:  Various
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2 Responses to War Diary September 25th to Sunday October 1st 1939

  1. Pingback: War Diary October 2nd to October 8th 1939 | WW2 Memories & History

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